The zodiac sign that was rising on the eastern horizon at the time you were born is called ‘The Ascendant’. This zodiac sign is called ‘Lagna’ in vedic astrology.
We have 12 houses in astrology as we have 12 zodiac signs. The sign which has the ascendant is the first house. The ascendant lord and the planets in the ascendant plays major role in defining a person’s character, body, colour, etc.
In north indian chart, the central triangle is the ascendant, marked as ASC. The zodiac sign is indicated with the natural order of zodiac sign, as shown below.
The above picture Fig.1 shows north indian chart with ascendant and which is Cancer, marked as 4.
In south indian chart, the zodiac signs are fixed. So only the ascendant is marked as ASC or a cross line.
In Uttara Kalamrita Mahakavi Kalidasa says, the below are signified by the first house/Ascendant.
- happiness and misery
- old age
- birth place
- ganbling for others
- appropriating other’s money
- tendency to insult others
- freedom from disease
- service to others
- perseverance in the breeding of cattle
- loss of decorum
- blame from one’s castemen.